||2013-06-05 00:18:08, 조회 : 2,623, 추천 : 469
| Michelle Yim|
The decisive words
In this chapter Blanchard looks at the “decisive words” in the Bible that Annihilationist indicate as “extinction”. There are 5 words in the Old testament that we will be examining closely,
1) “Abhad” is a Hebrew word that is translated to “perish”. There are many verses in the Old testament that have this word in it. For instance:
“The way of the wicked will perish” (Psalm 1:6)
“The foolish and the senseless alike perish” (Psalm 49:10)
Now, many Annihilationist take “abhad” as an indicator of annihilation. However, after examining a few more verses we can assume differently. For instance:
“Why does the land perish and burn up like a wilderness” (Jeremiah 9:12)
“The righteous perish, and no one ponders it in his heart” (Isaiah 57:1)
If you noticed, the word “abhad” was also used for the righteous. So will that mean the righteous will eventually be annihilated too? In this case “abhad” is used when describing “being killed” rather than annihilation.
2) “Karat” is used when describing “cutting off”. For instance:
“Evil men will be cut off” (Psalm 37:9)
“Cut off from his people” (Leviticus 7:20-21,25,27: 17:3)
However, if you look closely at the context we can see that it actually means “excommunication” rather than literally being cut off. Daniel was prophesying and said “the Annointed One will be cut off” (Daniel 9:26), it certainly didn’t mean that Jesus was annihilated.
3) “Shamad” is another word that Annihilationist claim to support their case. For instance:
“The Lord watches over all who love him, but all the wicked he will destroy” (Psalm 145:20)
“Do you realize that Egypt is destroyed” (Exodus 10:7)
Once again if you look at the context we can see that “shamad” meant “going to be killed” and not annihilated.
4) “Kalah” is used when conveying the feeling of being consumed. For instance:
“ashamed and consumed” (Psalm 71:13)
“I am consumed by the blow of your hand” (Psalm 39:10)
This word is to describe a “temporal punishment” rather than being annihilated.
5) “Tamam” is also to describe when being departed. For instance:
“consumed from the earth” (Psalm 104: 35)
“The money of the people of Egypt and Canaan was gone” (Genesis 47:15)
Looking at these words in this context would be a foolish attempt to say it is nonexistent. Now we will examine 4 more words but this time in the New testament.
1) “Apollumi” (verb) This word is used when describing the “to die; to be killed”
With this word, we must take one step further to see what is the noun for “Apollumi”.
“Apoleia” (noun) This word is the noun of “Apollumi” and is used when describing “perish , lost and destruction”. Many Annihilationist take these two verses and think that it supports extinction:
“The roads that lead to destruction” (Matt 17:32)
“The day of judgment and destruction” (2Peter 3:7)
However “Apoleia” was used in this context:
“I perish with hunger” (Luke 15:17)
“was lost and found” (Luke 15:32)
In Luke 15:17, could it possibly meant that the person would literally be annihilated with hunger? There are many times where we say “we are dying of thirst” however we do not mean it in a literal sense but rather conveying out intensity of our thirstiness. In Matthew 17:32 it states
“the roads that lead to destruction”. But we can see that it means “to be killed” rather than being annihilated.
2) “Olethros” (noun) This word is used when describing “destruction”. Paul uses “olethros” when describing that Jesus second coming will be disastrous for sinners because
“Destruction will come on them suddenly” (1Thessolonians 5:3)
However in the second letter that Paul wrote he also writes that the same unbelievers will be
“punished with everlasting destruction” (2 Thessolonians 1:9)
When Paul writes this he was trying to explain the mentality of people that try to “get rich quick” and that it leads people “into ruin and destruction”(1Timothy 6:9).
3) “Aion” means two different ages . The finite and the infinite. For instance:
“Anyone who speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come” (Matt 12:32)
From this verse we can see that there are two ages. There is the earthly one that we live right now and the eternal one that we will live in (heaven or hell). Paul reiterates it in Ephesians 1:21:
“far above all rule and authority, power and dominion, and every title that can be given, not only in the present age but also in the one to come”
From the past few chapters, we can see that the Bible does NOT support Annihilationism. It would be rather foolish to believe it after all the evidence that is in front of us. The eternal dwelling that we will all face is true and definite.