||2018-01-16 22:16:31, 조회 : 424, 추천 : 114
What is the Church
Servants of the Lord
Last week, we learned about the foundation of the church. While many people say that the foundation is Jesus Christ, we learned that Jesus Christ is the cornerstone of the church. Instead, the church is founded on the apostles. Many people reject the idea of the church built on the apostles, yet, we learned that if you reject the apostles you are also rejecting God Himself. Today, we will continue to learn about what is the church by understanding the servants of the Lord.
The term "church" comes from the Greek word "kuriake." Kuriake in its noun form is "Kuriakos" which means "owned or possesed by the kurios." What then does kurios means? Kurios means "Lord" and it can be seen used in the New Testament. This translates from the Old Testament hen it was used for God "Yaweh" and "adonai." For example, in Psalms 8:1 it says, "O Lord, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth." The psalmist is saying, "Oh Yahweh, our Adonai, how excelled is thy name in all the earth." Therefore, when we see the term "adonai" it means "the sovereign one." This derives from its original term "kurios."
The term "kurios" is used in three different ways in the New Testament. For example, it is used in order to politely inform someone. This can be understood in the modern term of "sir" or "mister." However, kurios can also be used for "imperial usage." Sproul says that we use this "title that ascribes absolute sovereignty to the one who is kurios." For example, in Philippians 2:10-11, Paul uses this term when he says, "so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11 and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father." When Paul says, "Jesus Christ is Lord" the term kurios is used in replacement of Lord. Therefore, kurios is used for the title of Jesus Christ in the New Testament. Another way kurios is used in ancient Greek culture, is when a slave owner "kurios" purchases slaves. We will use this third way that kurios is used to understand the term church.
The church is referred to people who are "owned by a kurios, who were owned and possessed by a lord." We find in the New Testament, images used to understand this through the relationship between the believer and Christ. That is why Apostle Paul often refers to himself as a "slave" or "doulos." He uses this term to explain how he was "purchased." He not only refers to himself as one that was purchased, but also refers to all God's believers as such. For example, in 1 Corinthians 6:19-20, he says, "You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body." Sproul states, "We are God's possession because He has redeemed us."
In the New Testament, we frequently find Christians as people who are "in" Christ Jesus. When we evangelize, we explain that just believing in Jesus Christ is not enough but to "believe into Him." This term "into" derives from the Greek word "eis." Sproul gives us an example in order for us to understand what he means. He says, "I have to first move into the city through the city gates before I can be inside the city." Therefore, when we are not only in Christ Jesus, he is also in us. If you were to have this union with Christ and I have this union with Christ, the we have a "co-fellowship in Christ." Thus, we should not have cold judgments of one another and respect one another, as we were all people who were purchased by Christ.
If we want to successfully do this, we must first change our attitude towards God's people and the church. Sproul states, "If I am a member of a group of servants and I have conflict with the servants, that conflict must never cause me to speak against the owner of the servants. We are all servants under one Lord." Therefore, in order for us to love our enemies, we have remind ourselves that we must do it for the sake of our kurios, Jesus Christ.
As servants of the Lord, I hope that we can band together and love one another under the one who purchased us. We no longer live the life we wish to live or do as we please, we must understand that we were redeemed; thus our redeemer has a hold of us. Understanding who our kurios is, will ultimately help us to become loving and closer servants of the Lord.
1) In what ways is the term "kurios" used?
2) Why is "kurios" important to understand?
3) What does it mean to be "into" Christ?
4) What does Apostle Paul mean when he says, "You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body."
4) What does Sproul mean when he states, "If I am a member of a group of servants and I have conflict with the servants, that conflict must never cause me to speak against the owner of the servants. We are all servants under one Lord."