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Chapter One - Part One - Money-Medium of Exchange or Mammon?
Abraham Yim  2018-08-07 22:08:01, 조회 : 126, 추천 : 39

Abraham Yim
August 22nd, 2018 - Wednesday
O. S. Guinness - Doing Well and Doing Good
Chapter One - Part One - Money-Medium of Exchange or Mammon?

        Hello everyone, I hope we are all well on this Wednesday evening. As we sit here today, we are going to go into our first chapter in O. S. Guinness’s book, Doing Well and Doing Good. Although this is our first book together, we have already been doing this for quite some time. Every week, at 6:00 PM we have gather here to have deep and meaningful discussions about topics that are important to our livelihoods. We learned more about Christianity, Islam, Secularism, and more. In our book, we will be discussing the meaning and importance of money, philanthropy, and caring for one another. Today we are going to discuss the principle of money and property. We are going to approach the discussion with three popular perspectives, and next week we will expand on each of these.
        Before we go into the chapter, I wanted to clear up a misunderstanding we had in our lesson last week. I realized many of us were having trouble in understanding the difference between charity and philanthropy. O. S. Guinness described charity as good acts - such as volunteering and helping the poor with different tasks - and he described philanthropy as the desire to help the poor with donations - often characterized by money. When I looked up the difference, I got a similar answer to what Teacher Michelle mentioned last week: charity is short term help, while philanthropy is long term help. This still fits into our definition because by just simply helping someone in their current state you are giving them a short-term solution, but if you were to pay for a deeper foundation that person would be set for a longer time. Now we can properly get into the lesson.
We all should be comfortable with the idea of philanthropy. We have done several philanthropic things during the Christmas season for the past few years. We might think we are unique in this sense, but in general, Americans are very philanthropic: we boast some of the largest charities in the world, and we provide more aid to other countries than then next two nations combined. In 2017, we raised $410.2 billion dollars in donations.
This seems like America is on a good track towards a ideal moral nation. However, what is the point of giving if the idea of money is void? Unfortunately, people try to grasp the meaning of giving without understanding the meaning of money.
So what is money? First, let me say, money is a huge factor in our lives. I can confidently say, we base almost all, if not all, our decisions on how much money we can spare. If we ought to understand such a huge life influence then we must ask two questions regarding money: Whose is it? And what is the problem?
Money is a very complex thing. It is not only an economic issue, but it is also a spiritual issue. We often take money so seriously that we don’t even take the time to understand it. We need to take our time and understand what it is we are interacting with everyday.
        There are three takes on money - Judeo-Christian, Greek, and Roman. The Romans believed in a system very similar to what many people view private property. Individuals had absolute power over their money and their property. For Romans, owning something meant they had the right to use and abuse it. A farmer could burn down their farm. A father - often seen as the owner of the family - could kill his own family and even himself. Many people view ownership like this. They mistreat their property and do not show care for anything they own. They justify this attitude by saying they own it.
        The Judeo-Christian ideology is that we have the right over money and property. God has ultimate ownership over everything in the world, but he has given us the right to be stewards over all of his wealth. O. S. Guinness says, “The resources of the earth are held in trust for a divine purpose. Thus our relationship to money and property may by custom or law be defined as ownership but is really a conditional form of trusteeship.” We can understand this ideology more when we understand what it means to be a steward. Stewards were known as the manager of the house. Although stewards did not own the house, it was their responsibility to manage it and make sure it was kept well. The world is God’s, but it is our responsibility to keep it in good condition as so our own wealth.
The Greek view is often mistaken for Marxism because in the Greek view, ownership is shared because property is common. The Greeks believed in the earlier age of community when everything was shared amongst a tribe or village. It would be very hard to enforce this without a proper leader; therefore, Plato suggested a Guardian or a Philosopher-Politician, who can properly take on the responsibilities of a leader. Although the redistribution of wealth and land was prevalent amongst the Cretans and Spartans, most of Greece did not share this ideology.


Questions
1. Explain the Judeo-Christian, Greek, and Roman perspective on money.
2.What is your view on private property? Do you align yourself with the Judeo-Christian, Greek, or Roman point of view? Why?
3. Why do you think we are called upon as stewards of God’s wealth? Do you implement stewardship ideals into your own life?


임 바울
2. 개인 재산에 대한 나의 견해는 무엇인가?
하나님께서는 개인 재산을 허락하신다. 그러기에 십계명을 보면 다른 사람의 것을 탐내고, 훔치거나, 살인하는 것을 금하신다. 특히 하나님께서는 각 지파에게 땅을 주시고, 그리고 각 개인에게 다시 그 땅을 분배하는 것을 볼 수가 있다.

각 개인에게 부여된 땅에는 하나님께서 지계석을 세우게 하였다. 이것은 각 개인의 소유의 경계를 표시하는 것이다. 이것을 마음대로 움직이지 못하게 하였다. 이것은 각 개인에게 부여된 개인 재산들이 있음을 보여준다.

그렇다면 각 개인에게 부여된 재산들에 대해서 어떻게 사용을 해야 하는가? 레 25:23절을 보면 " 토지를 영구히 팔지 말 것은 토지는 다 내 것임이니라 너희는 거류민이요 동거하는 자로서 나와 함께 있느니라." 이 말씀을 보면 우리는 이 땅에 사는 거류민이고, 동거인이라고 말하고 있다. 여기에서 우리는 아주 위대한 재산에 대한 요점을 발견하게 된다.

땅은 하나님의 것이고, 우리는 그 땅을 사용할 수 있는 권한을 가진다. 그리고 그것은 다른 사람이 침범할 수가 없다. 바로 여기서 우리는 재산이 우리의 것이 아니라, 우리가 살아있는 동안에 하나님께서 사용할 권세를 주셨다는 것을 알 수가 있다. 고전 4:7절을 보아도 " 우리가 갖고 있는 모든 소유는 하나님께서 주신 것이다"라고 말하고 있다.

따라서 우리들은 이 땅에 살고 있는 동안에 우리의 삶을 위해서 하나님이 소유하고 사용하도록 하신 재산이다. 즉 청지기이다. 그렇다면 하나님께서 이런 모든 소유를 우리로 사용하도록 하시면서, 어떻게 사용해야 하는 것에 대한 설명을 주셨다. 어떻게 사용하는 것이 청지기의 삶이라는 것을 가르쳐주었다. 그리고 내가 어떻게 사용하느냐에 따라서 우리들은 하나님앞에 심판을 받아야 한다.

특히 우리들은 자녀들이 있다. 어떻게 키워야 할까? 우리 마음대로 키우는 것은 청지기의 삶이 아니다. 우리 자녀들을 하나님을 알고, 하나님을 영화롭게 하고, 또 우리 형제 자매들을 도와주는 삶을 살아야 한다. 비록 하나님께서 자녀들을 위해서 우리들에게 주셨지만, 그러나 우리가 자녀들을 어떻게 키울 것인가 조심해야 한다.


이런 견해는 자기의 모든 것을 자기가 마음대로 할 수 있는 로마식 견해가 아니다. 또한 자기의 소유가 없이 그 사회의 소유라고 하는 그리스 견해도 아니다.
이것은 개인적인 소유를 허락하면서, 그 소유에 대한 사용에 대해서 반드시 책임을 져야 하는 유대- 기독교 소유관이다.
2018-08-25
18:32:42

 


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번호 제목 작성자 작성일   추천 조회
40  Chapter One - Part Five - Money - Medium of Exchange or Mammon?    Abraham Yim 2018/09/18 13 49
39  Chapter One - Part Three - Money-Medium of Exchange or Mammon?  [1]  Abraham Yim 2018/09/03 14 48
38  Chapter One - Part Two - Money-Medium of Exchange or Mammon?    Abraham Yim 2018/08/25 24 65
 Chapter One - Part One - Money-Medium of Exchange or Mammon?  [1]  Abraham Yim 2018/08/07 39 126
36  Introduction - Doing Well and Doing Good  [1]  Abraham Yim 2018/08/07 26 89
35  Table of Contents & Purpose    Abraham Yim 2018/08/07 28 88
34  The Source of Full Assurance  [1]  Michelle Yim 2018/08/07 26 78
33  Gaining True Assurance    Michelle Yim 2018/08/07 29 80
32  False Assurance    Michelle Yim 2018/08/07 19 49
31  Four Types of People    Michelle Yim 2018/08/07 39 59
30  The Struggle for Assurance    Michelle Yim 2018/08/07 24 47
29  Regeneration is Permanent    Michelle Yim 2018/07/03 18 101
28  Regeneration is Immediate    Michelle Yim 2018/06/26 56 148
27  Regeneration is a Sovereign Work of God  [1]  Michelle Yim 2018/06/18 45 144
26  Regeneration is the Beginning    Michelle Yim 2018/06/12 49 150
25  Regeneration is a Mystery    Michelle Yim 2018/06/06 44 147
24  Must I Be Born Again?    Michelle Yim 2018/05/29 52 139
23  The Illuminator  [1]  Michelle Yim 2018/05/20 58 189
22  The Anointer    Michelle Yim 2018/05/20 54 155
21  The Sanctifier  [1]  Michelle Yim 2018/05/20 65 171

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