||2018-03-13 18:43:28, 조회 : 22, 추천 : 4
What is the Relationship Between Church and State?
Last week we continued to learn about the relationship between church and state by understanding "the sword" and "the keys." We learned that the sword is used in terms of the government and the government officials. The key is used in terms of the church and spiritual matters. Yet, often times government officials assume the role of the church and attempt to use the sword in these matters. Unfortunately, because of this, we find matters like abortion being handled by officials that were not given this power. Today, we will continue to understand the relationship between church and state by examining what it means to have an established religion.
In a Linguistics class that I took during my sophomore year in college, we learned about morphemes and how morphemes are the smallest unit of meaning. For example, the word "dogs" have two morphemes "dog + s." "Dog" is a noun and "s" indicates plurality. Our professor then challenged us to find how many morphemes would be in the term "disestablishmentarianism." Disestablishmentarianism (dis + establish + ment + arian + ism) is among the longest words in the English language and will help us understand the relationship between church and state.
Let us first understand the term disestablishmentarianism. In order to do so, we will look at the term establishmentarianism. Sproul states, "Establishmentarianism is when a church is supported by taxes from the state and has exclusive rights over its competitors. Such a church, called an established church, enjoys the particular favor and protection of the government." In history, the Church of England and the Reformed church of Scotland are considered to be an established church. Disestablishmentarianism means that you believe establishmentarianism should be rejected. Antidisestablishmentarianism means that you look in favor of an established church.
Now let us take a look at how this term will help us to understand the relationship between church and state in American history. In Europe, during the 16th and 17th century, it was normal to have an established church. It was divided between Roman Catholic or Protestants. Under Henry VIII reign, England was considered to be Protestant. This occurred because Henry wanted to get a divorce but it was not permitted by the pope. Thus, Henry declared himself "defensor fide" which means, "defender of the faith." After Henry, he was succeeded by Edward VI, he attempted to make the Church of England entirely Protestant but he shortly died at an early age. Afterwards, he was succeeded by his sister Queen Mary (also known as Bloody Mary) and she decided to bring England back to Roman Catholic. During this time, she heavily persecuted Protestants. After Queen Mary, her sister Elizabeth took over. She reinstated England to Protestantism and opened the doors for the Protestants that was once persecuted by her sister, Mary.
By looking at the history of establishmentarianism, we can see how this can violate the rights of many people. Nonestablishmentarianism poses the idea that there will be no state church. Sproul states, "It was designed to protect the rights of religious people to practice their religion with interference and without prejudice at the hands of the civil magistrate." This is what the First Amendment puts forth so that people can have the right to exercise their religion. Unfortunately, due to this some people have also got the idea that all religions are "equally true and valid." The government does not have the right to claim this. In addition, the law cannot say who is right or wrong. All that the law proposes is that disputes cannot be dealt with in the "civil arena" and should be categorized as "religious and ecclesiastical matters."
Due to this misconception, many people believe that the separation between church and state means that God should not be considered whatsoever. However, the nation did not begin with this principle. The nation was founded with the understanding of both the church and state operating under God. Nowadays, many people reject the idea of answering to a God. Sproul states, "We want to have a government that is free from the moral tint of theism. That's not the original intent of the First Amendment or of the original articles that established our nation." While this was intended for the state not to meddle with religious matters, it serves only as a way to avoid anything happening.
1) What does disestablishmentarianism mean? Do you agree with disestablishmentarianism? Why or why not?
2) What does the history of an established church reveal?
3) What types of problems arise from the idea that all religions are ”equally true and valid" ?
4) What happens when the state does not consider God whatsoever? Do you think this is a good idea? Why or why not?