||2017-02-20 19:41:53, 조회 : 946, 추천 : 181
| Abraham Yim|
Chapter Eleven - The Medical Evidence
If you are a Christian then you are very well acquainted with the story of Jesus on the cross. We take it as a fact, and we assume that every part of this story is true. However, little did many people know that this very account of history is debated. Many people say that Jesus Christ did not die, and simply survived the ordeal and made it seem like he resurrected. The Muslim text, the Quran, which was written in the seventh century says that Jesus Christ never died on the cross. Ahmadiyya Muslims protest that Jesus fled to India and to this day, there is a burial place in Srinagar, Kashmir saying it is the true place of Jesus’ death.
Some contest that Jesus fainted on the cross from exhaustion; others protest that Jesus was given a drug that made it seem like he was dead and then when he was put into the tomb he was resuscitated by the cool damp air. Conspiracy theorist believe that Jesus was alive well after his crucifixion. One “scholar” suggested that Jesus fled to Egypt and fell in love with a priestess named Isis. However, all these theories and ideas have one thing in common: there is no proof.
To see if Jesus could have survived this whole ordeal, Lee Strobel went to go see Alexander Metherell, M.D., PH.D. He is known for his knowledge on human anatomy and forensic abilities. He holds position on several boards and committees. When he talks, he talks scientifically and without much emotion in his voice. He provides the cold hard facts of a situation.
Metherell immediately goes into the story of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. However, before we can get to the actual crucifixion of Jesus Christ, we have to look at the flogging of Jesus Christ. Before his execution, Jesus was flogged and tortured. HOWEVER, before his flogging we have to go to his time at Mount of Olives. Jesus knew he was going to have a very painful experience the next day, so when Jesus was praying at the Mount of Olives he was experiencing high amounts of psychological stress. This would explain why Jesus Christ was sweating blood. The capillaries in his sweat glands bursted and blood tinged his sweat. The high amounts of psychological stress made his skin extremely sensitive, making the flogging a hundred times worse. We now go into the brutal flogging that Jesus experienced. First, the Romans would have whipped Jesus. The whippings usually averaged 39, but it would vary upon the mood of the soldier. The whip was made out of braided leather, and metal balls would be woven into the leather with pieces of sharp bone on the outside of the whip. This combination would tear skin apart and create deep wounds. Some historians have gone as far as to say that some wounds were deep enough to show parts of the spine and back bones. Also these lashes weren’t just on the back but on the whole body. People would have died by the flogging before they could even get to the cross. Almost all that were flogged suffered from hypovolemic shock,which meant the person lost a lot of blood; however, some died from hypovolemic shock . Four things happen when someone suffers from hypovolemic shock: 1) the heart races to try to pump blood that isn’t there; 2) the blood pressure drops, causing fainting or collapsing; 3) the kidneys stop producing urine to maintain what volume of liquid is left in the body; 4) the person becomes very thirsty as the body craves fluid to replace the lost blood volume (the list has been taken from the book). If being flogged wasn’t bad enough, Jesus then had to carry the heavy cross to his execution place. Of course we know that he wasn’t able to and the Roman soldiers told Simon to help him.
Finally, when Jesus got to the cross the moment of truth was upon him. Jesus was already exhausted from the flogging and was suffering mentally from all the stress. The Roman soldiers laid him down and nailed 7 inch nails into his wrist. Although this idea was contested, recent archaeological discoveries proved that 5 to 7 inch nails were put into the victim's wrist to make sure that the nails didn’t just tear through the flesh and allow the person to fall off. Then the two feet were put together and a long nail was put through both feet and secured into the cross. Crucifixion was extremely cruel. What really caused people to die on the cross was asphyxiation. This meant the person couldn’t breath. The reason for this was because the person’s weight was put on the diaphragm, and for him to breath he would have to lift himself up. However, the person would eventually get too tired and simply die from asphyxiation. The carbon dioxide in the body would create carbonic acid and raise the pH level in the body. This would cause an irregular and erratic heartbeat, signifying a cardiac arrest would soon follow. This is how Jesus Christ knew his end was near and was able to say, “Lord, into your hands I commit my spirit.”
As we mentioned before, Jesus suffered from hypovolemic shock before his crucifixion. The prolonged effects of hypovolemic shock is a collection of fluid near the lungs and heart, due to the high heart rate. This would explain why water came out of Jesus’ body when he was stabbed with a spear.
Was it possible for Jesus to come out of all of this alive? No. He suffered way too much and way too severely to have been able to get up in his tomb, roll away a huge rock, sneak past Roman guards, and then find his disciples and convince he has risen again. However, even if he was able to do all that, his pitiful state wouldn’t have encouraged his disciples to praise him as the Messiah nor to go out and spread the gospel.